1.be responsible for/be held accountable for负责任
例句：Low-cost airline travel has been responsible for the marked growth in the number of passengers who take trips on scheduled airlines.
2.be a major culprit in是…的罪魁祸首
例句：It is said that carbon pollution is a major culprit in driving the planet into ecological overdraft.
3.be instrumental to有帮助的
例句：This state of affairs,if not changed,will not be instrumental to the implementation of the Tax Law.
例句：A dignity comes from being in control.
例句：Many of the universities'problems stem from rapid expansion.
例句：There is ample historical evidence that government control over banks'lending canbreed cronyism and misallocation of funds.
7.be derived from源自于
例句：Technical goals are not terribly meaningful to the success of a product unless they are derived from the need to meet other more human-oriented goals
例句：It is falsely believed that higher taxes and more state involvement in the economy cangenerate prosperity.
例句：Eliminating such inequalities in the early years of life would simply create a new kind of inequality,driven by genetics.
10.play a major role in扮演重要角色
例句：Efficiency,courtesy,and trustworthiness may play a major role in product differentiation.
11.be associated with/be implicated in和…有关
例句：Smoking cigarette is known to be implicated in the development of some cancers.
例句：Even if correct,however,this explanation would not account for the health problems of their younger daughter,who has not yet attended high school.
13.in the wake of接踵而来
例句：In the wake of developments in science and technology,man has become more capable of conquering nature.
14.stimulated by/spurred by在…的刺激下
例句1：Stimulated by the favorable policies,industry of animation and comics gradually prospered and made remarkable achievements.
例句2：Stimulated by factors such as increase in the investment,the industrial growth was accelerated.
例句：the power outage was triggered by heavy rains.
The trigger for the strike was the closure of yet another factory.
例句：Changes in ecosystems could lead to social,economic and political change,and couldspark off wars.
例句：The failure of the crops occasioned the rise in price.
例句：Each producer,in paying his quota of the taxes levied generally for the construction of roads,pays for the use of those which conduce to his convenience.
例句：A disunited nation has to incur unduly high costs of government.
例句1：Consequently,there can be a lot of competition during the negotiations that ensue afterward.
例句2：The evils ensue from lack of astable government.
21.by virtue of由于(中性词)
例句1：By virtue of this superior quality,this product is often sold out of stock in many areas.
例句2：Plastic bags are useful for holding many kinds of food,by virtue of their clearness,toughness,and low cost.
22.on the score of因为
例句：There is another possibility on the score of fresh evidence.